Plant-based diets shown to lower vital sign even with limited meat and dairy
A diet rich in plant-based foods can include a limited amount of animal products and still improve blood
pressure, new research from University of Warwick demonstrates
Researchers compared the impact of seven plant-based diets on blood pressure in a systematic review
of previous studies
High vital sign is that the leading risk factor globally for heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular diseases
Lead author Joshua Gibbs of University of Warwick: “Essentially, any shift towards a plant-based diet may be a good one.”
Consuming a plant-based diet can lower vital sign albeit small amounts of meat and dairy are consumed
too, consistent with new research from the University of Warwick.
Published online by a team from Warwick school of medicine within the Journal of Hypertension today (25
July), they argue that any effort to extend plant-based foods in your diet and limit animal products is
probably going to profit your vital sign and reduce your risk of heart attacks, strokes and disorder .
High vital sign is that the leading risk factor globally for heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular
diseases. A reduction in vital sign has important health benefits both for people and for populations.
Unhealthy diets are liable for more deaths and disabilities globally than tobacco use, high alcohol intake,
drug use and unsafe sex put together
Vegetarian and vegan diets with complete absence of animal products are already known to lower vital
sign compared to omnivorous diets. Their feasibility and sustainability are, however, limited. Until now, it's
not been known whether an entire absence of animal products is important in plant-based dietary
patterns to realize a big beneficial effect on vital sign .
Lead author Joshua Gibbs, a student within the University of Warwick School of Life Sciences, said: “We
reviewed 41 studies involving 8,416 participants, during which the consequences of seven different plant-
based diets (including DASH, Mediterranean, Vegetarian, Vegan, Nordic, high fibre and high fruit and
vegetables) on vital sign were studied in controlled clinical trials. A systematic review and meta-analysis
of those studies showed that the majority of those diets lowered vital sign . The DASH diet had the most
important effect reducing vital sign by 5.53/3.79 mmHg compared to an impact diet, and by 8.74/6.05
mmHg in comparison to a ‘usual’ diet.
“A vital sign reduction of the size caused by a better consumption of plant-based diets, even with limited
animal products would end in a 14% in strokes, a 9% in heart attacks and a 7% in overall mortality.
“This may be a significant finding because it highlights that complete eradication of animal products isn't
necessary to supply reductions and enhancements in vital sign
Senior author Professor Francesco Cappuccio of Warwick school of medicine said: “The adoption of
plant-based dietary patterns would also play a task in global food sustainability and security. They would
contribute to a discount in land use thanks to human activities, to global conservation and to a big
reduction in global greenhouse emission emission.
“The study shows the efficacy of a plant-based diet on vital sign . However, the interpretation of this data
into real benefits to people, i.e. its effectiveness, depends on a spread of things associated with both
individual choices and to governments’ policy decisions. For example, for a private , the power to adopt a
plant-based diet would be influenced by socio-economic factors (costs, availability, access), perceived
benefits and difficulties, resistance to vary , age, health status, low adherence thanks to palatability and